Bosphorus

The Bosphorus is the water bridge connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of ​​Marmara. It generally extends in the northeast-southwest direction and divides the city of Istanbul into the European side and the Anatolian side. The settlement area spread on both sides of the Bosphorus is called Bosphorus.

It is called the Turkish Straits along with the Bosphorus, the Sea of ​​Marmara and the Dardanelles, and is regarded as one of the natural borders that separates Europe and Asia. According to the Istanbul Harbor Regulation which entered into force on May 1, 1982, the line connecting the northern border of the Istanbul Strait to the Anatolian Lighthouse of Rumeli Feneri; And the southern boundary is defined as the line connecting Ahırkapı Lighthouse to Kadikoy İnciburnu Lighthouse.

The borders of the Bosphorus have been home to various civilizations throughout history and grew up in 685 BC, when the Greeks from Megara developed by establishing a city-state in the region called the historical peninsula. It is one of the symbols of Istanbul which is the capital city of the East Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire and which is today the greatest city of the Republic of Turkey and is used as one of the leading figures in the city and in the foreign introductions of the country.

The Bosphorus and Fatih Sultan Mehmet suspension bridges are located on the Istanbul Strait, which is the narrowest passage through which international sea transport can be made. These bridges connect the two sides of Istanbul, as well as the transit point between the continent of Europe and the continent of Asia. The Bosphorus, which is one of the key points of public transport in Istanbul, is also supported by intercontinental transportation, sea buses, ferries carrying cargo, passenger vehicles, city lines, and passenger engines. The Marmaray project will be an uninterrupted railway line between the two continents and it will be possible to travel from London to Beijing using only iron railway.

The Bosphorus is the only way to reach the Mediterranean for Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia and Ukraine, which are on the Black Sea coast. The sovereignty rights of the Bosphorus along with the Çanakkale Strait and the Sea of ​​Marmara are determined by the Straits Agreement signed on 20 July 1936 Was given to Turkey in the light of rules.

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