Anatolian Fortress

Anatolian Fortress; In the Anatoluhisarı district of Istanbul, Göksu Creek is the place where the Bosphorus is laid. It was constructed by Yildirim Bayezit on an area of ​​7,000 square meters and at the narrowest point of the Bosphorus, at a distance of 660 meters.

The Genoese were union with the Byzantines and had established colonies in the Black Sea (Kefe, Sinop and Amasra). For this reason, the passage of the Bosphorus was vital for the Genoese. The same was the case for the Ottomans. On the opposite shore, the Rumeli Fortress located on the European side of Istanbul is between the years 1451-1452. It was built by Mehmed to control the passage of the ships of these foreign nations. When Fatih Sultan Mehmed built his Rumeli Fortress, he added outer fortifications to this fortress.

Anadolu Hisarı consists of inner and outer castles and the walls of these monuments. The inner castle is a rectangular four-storey house. When it was first built, there was no entrance gate, so the tower was entered through a suspension bridge that extended to the inner castle walls. The upper floors were also climbed with wooden stairs inside.

The inner castle walls combine the northeastern and northwest corners of the outer castle. These walls are three meters thick. There are many arches and three towers built to protect the fortifications on the outer castle walls that join the inner walls. The actual city walls are 65 meters in the east-west direction; North-south direction. The thickness of the walls is 2.5 meters. The outer walls have orifices where the balls are placed. Block stones filled with mortar are used in the main building and inside walls of Anadolu Castle.

Anadolu Hisarı lost its military significance after the conquest of Istanbul and its surroundings became a residential area over time. Today, the road passes through the middle of the Anatolian Fortress, which is partly destroyed.

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